Department of Biology

Max H. Hommersand
List of Publications

1.  Hommersand, M.H. 1963. The morphology and classification of some Ceramiaceae and Rhodomelaceae. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 35: 165-366.

2.  Hommersand, M.H. 1963. Some effects of monochromatic light on oxygen evolution and carbon dioxide fixation in Chlorella pyrenoidosa. In: Photosynthetic Mechanisms in Green Plants, Publ. 1145, Nat. Acad. Sci, Nat. Res. Council.

3.  Hommersand, M.H. & Thimann, K.V. 1965. Terminal respiration of vegetative cells and zygospores in Chlamydomonas reinhardi. Pl. Physiol. 40: 1220-1227.

4.  Rhyne, C.F. & Hommersand, M.H. 1970. Studies on Ulva and other benthonic marine algae receiving treated sewage in ponds and in Calico Creek at Morehead City, North Carolina. In: Odum, H.T. & Chestnut. Studies of marine estuarine ecosystems developing with treated sewage wastes.  Ann. Report for 1969-70, Nat. Sci. Found, Sea grants Project Div., Grant No. GH-18, pp. 112-132.

5.  Homersand M.H. & Ott, D.W. 1970. Development of the carposporophyte of Kallymenia reniformis (Turner) Agardh. J. Phycol. 6: 322-331.

6.  Hommersand, M.H. & Talbert, D.M. 1971. Laboratory studies on the growth and nutrition of Monodus from the treated sewage Ponds in Morehead City. In: Kuenzler & Chestnut Structure and Functioning of estuarine ecosystems exposed to treated sewage wastes, Ann. Rep. 1970-1971, Nat. Oceanog. & Atm. Agency, Office of Sea Grant Programs. Grant No. GH 103, Project UNC-10, pp. 174-181.

7.  Rhyne, C.F. & Hommersand, M.H. 1971. Laboratory studies concerning the growth and reproduction in the seaweed, Ulva curvata. In: Kuenzler & Chestnut, Structure and Functioning of estuarine ecosystems exposed to treated sewage wastes, Ann. Rep. 1970-1971, Nat. Oceanog. & Atm. Agency, Office of Sea Grant Programs. Grant No. GH 103, Project UNC-10, pp. 337-345.

8.  Hommersand, M.H. & Searles, R.B. 1971. Bibliography on Rhodophyta. In: Rosowski, J.R. & Parker, B.C. (Eds.) Selected papers in Phycology, Dept. of Botany, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, pp. 760-767.

9.  Hommersand, M.H. 1972. Algae. In: McGraw Hill, Yearbook of Science and Technology, 1972, McGraw Hill Publ. Co., New York, pp. 106-112

10.  Hommersand, M.H. 1972. Taxonomic and phytogeographic relationships of warm temperate marine algae occurring in Pacific North America and Japan. In: Nisizawa, K. (Ed.) Proc. Seventh Int. Seaweed Symp., Univ. Tokyo Press, pp. 66-71.

11.  Huang, Y-S. & Hommersand, M.H. 1973. Cytological and biochemical studies on Monodus from the treated sewage ponds in Morehead City. In: Kuenzler, E.J., Chestnut, A.F. & Weiss, C. M. Structure and Functioning of estuarine ecosystems exposed to treated sea water and wastes, III. Nat. Sci. Found. Ann. Rept. 1972-1973. Sea Grant Publ. UNC SG 73-10, pp. 15-32.

12.  Grant, N.G. & Hommersand, M.H. 1974a. The respiratory chain of Chlorella protothecoides. I. Inhibitor responses and cytochrome components of whole cells. Plant Physiol. 54: 50-56.

13.  Grant, N.G. & Hommersand, M.H. 1974b. The respiratory chain of Chlorella protothecoides. II. Isolation and characterization of mitochondria. Plant Physiol. 54: 57-59.

14. Ott, D.W. & Hommersand, M.H. 1974. Vaucheriae of North Carolina I. Marine and brackish water species. J. phycol. 10: 373-385.

15. Marsho, T.V. & Hommersand, M.H. 1975. Slow 514nm absorption phases and oxygen exchange transients in Ulva. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 376: 354-365.

16. Aghajanian, J.G. & Hommersand, M.H. 1978. The fine structure of the pit connections of Batrachospermum sirodotii Skuja, Protoplasma 96: 247-265.

17. Aghajanian, J.G. & Hommersand, M.H. 1980. Growth and differentiation of axial and lateral filaments in Batrachospermum sirodotii (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 16: 15-28.

18. West, J.A. & Hommersand, M.H. 1981. Rhodophyta: life histories. In: Lobban, C.S. & M.J. Wynne (Eds) The Biology of the seaweeds. Blackwell Sci. Publ., Oxford, pp 133-193.

19.  Hedberg, M.F., Huang, Y-S, & Hommersand, M.H. 1981. Size of the chloroplast genome in Codium fragile. Science 213: 445-447.

20.  Gabrielson, P.W. & Hommersand, M.H., 1982. The Atlantic species of Solieria (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta): their morphology, distribution and affinities, J. Phycol. 18: 31-45.

21.  Gabrielson, P.W. & Hommersand, M.H. 1982. The morphology of Agardhiella subulata representing the Agardhielleae, a new tribe in the Solieriaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), J. Phycol. 18: 46-58.

22.  Searles, R.B., Hommersand, M.H. & Amsler, C.D. 1984. The occurrence of Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoides and C. taylorii (Chlorophyta) in North Carolina, Botanica Marina 27: 185-187.

23.  Hommersand, M.H. 1986. The biogeography of the South African marine red algae: a model, Botanica. Marina 29: 257-270.

24.  Norris, R.E., Hommersand, M.H., & Fredericq, S. 1987. Gelidium pteridifolium (Rhodophyceae), a new species from Natal and the eastern Cape, S. Afr. J. Bot. 53: 375-380.

25.  Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. 1988. An investigation of cystocarp development in Gelidium pteridifolium with a revised description of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta), Phycologia 27: 254-272.

26.  Knauss, M.E. & Hommersand, M.H. 1989. Vegetative and reproductive development of Halarachnion ligulatum (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), Br. Phycol. J. 24. 39-52.

27.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. 1989. Proposal of the Gracilariales ord. nov. (Rhodophyta) based on an analysis of the reproductive development of Gracilaria verrucosa, J. Phycol. 25: 213-227.

28.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. 1989. Comparative morphology and taxonomic status of Gracilariopsis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), J. Phycol. 25: 228-24l.

29.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand M.H., 1989. Reproductive morphology and development of the cystocarp in Curdiea flabellata Chapman (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). New Zealand J. Bot. 27: 521-530.

30.  Fredericq, S., Hommersand, M.H. & Norris, J.N. 1989. Morphological observations on the adelphoparasite Gracilariophila oryzoides (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), Jpn. Jp. Phycol. 37: 167-179.

31.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. 1990. Diagnoses and key to the genera of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), Hydrobiologia 204/205: 173-178.

32.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M. 1990. Taxonomy of Melanthalia obtusata var. abscissa and its placement in the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta), Crypt. Bot. 2: 4-11.

33.  Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M. 1990. Morphology and systematics of Holmsella pachyderma (Pterocladiophilaceae, Gracilariales), Br. phycol. J. 25: 39-51.

34.  Coomans, R.J. & Hommersand, M.H. 1990. Vegetative growth and organization, in K.M. Cole & R.G. Sheath (eds), Biology of the Red Algae, pp. 275-304.  Cambridge University Press, New York

35.  Hommersand. M.H. & Fredericq, S. 1990.  Sexual reproduction and cystocarp development, in K.M. Cole & R.G. Sheath (eds), Biology of the Red Algae, pp. 305-345.  Cambridge University Press, New York.

36.  Hommersand, M.H. 1990. Biogeography of the marine red algae of the North Atlantic Ocean, in  D.J. Garbary & G.R. South (eds), Evolutionary biogeography of the marine algae of the North Atlantic. NATO Advanced Science Inst., Series G: Ecological Sciences, vol. 22: 349-410. Springer Verlag. Berlin.

37.  Hommersand, M., Fredericq, S. & Cabioch, J. 1992. Developmental morphology of Gigartina pistillata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta), Phycologia 31: 300-325.

38.  Fredericq, S., Brodie, J. & Hommersand, M.H. 1992, Developmental morphology of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta), Phycologia 31: 542-563.

39.  Fredericq, S., Hommersand, M.H. & Leister, G.L. 1992. Morphology and systematics of Acanthococcus antarcticus (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta), Phycologia 31: 101-118.

40.  Hommersand M.H., Guiry M.D., Fredericq S. & Leister G.L.  1993.  New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales), Hydrobiologia 260/261: 105-120.

41.  Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand  M.H. 1993. Seaweeds of the British Isles.  Vol. 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A Ceramiales. The Natural History Museum, London:HMSO, xv + 444 pp., 1 map.

42.  Freshwater D.W., Fredericq S., Butler B.S., Hommersand M.H. & Chase M.W.  1994.  A gene phylogeny of the red algae (Rhodophyta) based on plastid rbcL, Proc. natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:7281-5.

43.  Hommersand, M.H., Fredericq, S. & Freshwater, D.W. 1994. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on sequence analysis of rbcL, Botanica Marina 37: 193-203.

44.  Freshwater, D.W., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, MH. 1995. A molecular phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on analysis of plastid rbcL nucleotide sequences, J. Phycol. 31: 616-632.

45.  Fredericq S., Hommersand M.H. & Freshwater D.W.  1996.  The molecular systematics of  some agar- and carrageenan-containing marine red algae based on rbcL sequence analysis,  Proc, XVth Int. Seaweed Symp., Hydrobiologia 326/327: 125-135.

46.  Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. 1996. Vegetative and reproductive development of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from La Jolla, California, Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 112: 147-160

47.  Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. 1997. Characterization of Myriogramme livida, Myriogrammeae trib. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), J. Phycol. 33: 106-121

48.  Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. 1997. Characterization of Schizoseris condensata, Schizoserideae trrib. nov (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), J. Phycol. 33: 475-490.

49.  Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M.H. 1997. Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), Phycologia 36: 114-119.

50.  Hommersand, M.H. 1997. Postfertilization development and the nature of the connecting cell in Aglaothamnion halliae (Callithamnieae, Ceramiaceae), Cryptogamie Algol. 18: 263-271.

51.  Hommersand, M.H., Wilson, S.M. & Kraft, G.T. 1998. Morphology and systematics of Rhodocallis elegans, Rhodocallideae, trib. nov. (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta), from southeastern Australia. J. Phycol. 34: 865-879.

52.  Fredericq, S., Freshwater, D.W. & Hommersand, M.H. 1999. Observations on the phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Solieriaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) inferred from rbcL sequences and morphological evidence, Hydrobiologia 398/399: 25-38.

53.  Hommersand, M.H., Fredericq, S., Freshwater, D.W. & Hughey, J. 1999. Recent developments in the systematics of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis and morphological evidence, Phycol. Res. 47: 139-51

54.  Kraft, G.T., Liao, L.M., Millar, A.J.K., Coppejans, E.G.G., Hommersand, M.H. & Freshwater, D.W. 1999. Marine benthic red algae (Rhodophyta) from Bulusan, Sorsogon Province, southern Luzon, Philippines. Philip. Scient. 36: 1-50.

55.  Lin, S-M, Hommersand, M.H, & Kraft, G.T. 2001. Characterization of Hemineura frondosa and the Hemineureae trib. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from southern Australia.  Phycologia: 40: 135-146.

56.  West, J.A., Hommersand, M.H. & Zuccarello, G.C. 2001. Morphology and reproduction of Bostrychia pinnata (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales) in laboratory culture, Phycol. Res. 49: 285-297.

57.  Lin, S.-M., Fredericq S. & M.H. Hommersand. 2001.  Systematics of the Delesseriaceae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) based on LSU rDNA and rbcL sequences, including the Phycodryoideae, subfam. nov., J. Phycol.  37: 881-899

58.  Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C., & Hommersand, M.H. 2001. Solving taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Pacific Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) using DNA from type material, J. Phycol. 37: 1091-1109

59.  Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C., & Hommersand, M.H. 2002. ITS1 sequences of type specimens of Gigartina and Sarcothalia and their significance for the classification of South African Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), Eur. J. Phycol. 37: 209-216.

60. Gurgle, C.F.D., Liao, L.M. Fredericq, S., & Hommersand, M.H. 2003. Systematics of Gracilariopsis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analyses and morphological evidence. J. Phycol. 39: 154-171.

61. McIvor, L., Maggs, C.A. Guiry, M.D. & Hommersand, M.H. 2003. Phylogenetic analysis of the Geographically disjunct genus Osmundea Stackhouse (Rhodomelaceae,Rhodophyta).

62.  Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. 2003.  Biogeography of the marine red algae of the South African West Coast: a molecular approach, in A. Chapman, R. Anderson, V., Vreeland, & Davison, I. (eds.). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 325-336

63.  Liao, L.M. & Hommersand, M.H. 2003.  Morphological study and taxonomic reassessment of the generitype species of the Gracilariaceae. J. Phycol. 39: 1207-1232.

64.  Lin, S.M. & Hommersand, M.H. 2004. Two new species of Martensia (‘Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from Kenting National Park, southern Taiwan. Phycologia 43: 13-25.

65.  Lin, S.M. & Hommersand, MH., 2004. Augophyllum, a new genus of the Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis and cystocarp development. J. Phycol. (In Press).

66.  Saunders, G.W. & Hommersand, M.H. 2004. Assessing red algal supraordinal diversity and taxonomy in the context of contemporary systematica data. Am. J. Bot. (Special Issue: The Plant Tree of Life, J.D. Palmer, Ed., In Press, October)

67.  Hommersand, M.H., De Clerck, O., & Coppejans, E. 2004. A morphological study and taxonomic revision of Euptilota (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta), Eur. J. Phycol. 39: 369-393.

68. Hommersand, M.H., Freshwater, D.W., Lopez-Bautista, J.M. & Fredericq, S. 2006.  Proposal of the Euptiloteae Hommersand et Fredericq, trib. nov. and transfer of some southern hemisphre Ptiloteae to the Callithamnieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta. J. Phycol. 42: 203-225.

69.  Hommersand, M.H. 2007. Global biogeography and relationships of the Australian marine macroalgae, In: P.M. McCarthy (ed) Algae of Australia: Introduction, pp. 511-542. Australian Biological Resources Study and CSIRO Publishing, Canberra and Melbourne.

70. Lin, S.-M. & Hommersand, M.H. 2007. Conspecificity of Holmesia neurymenioides with Reinboldiella warburgii (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from northeastern Taiwan on the basis of cystocarp development and rbcl sequence analysis 46: 247-256.

71. Lin, S.M. Hommersand, M.H. & Nelson, W.D. 2007. An assessment of Haraldiophyllum (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), including H. crispatum (J.D. Hooker et Harvey) comb. nov. from New Zealand based on rbcL and LSU sequence analysis and morphological evidence. Eur. J. Phycol. 42: 391-408.

72. Lin, S.-M., Liang, H.-Y. & Hommersand, M.H.  2008. Two types of auxiliary cell ampullae in Grateloupia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), including G. taiwanensis sp. nov. and G. orientalis sp. nov. from Taiwan based on rbcL gene sequence analysis and cystocarp development. J. Phycol. 44: 196-214.

73. Hughey, J.R. & Hommersand, M.H. 2008. Morphological and molecular systematic study of Chondracanthus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Pacific North America. Phycologia 47: 124-155. 

74. Cho T.O., Hommersand M.H., Won B.Y. & Frederiq, S. 2008. Generic boundaries and phylogeny of Campylaephora (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta), including Camphylaephora californica (Farlow) comb. nov. Phycologia 47: 321-333. 

75. Cho T.O., Boo S.M., Hommersand M.H., Maggs C.A., McIvor L. & Frederiq, S. 2008. Gayliella gen. nov. in the tribe Ceramieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological evidence. 2008. J. Phycol. 44: 721-738. 

76. Adey, W.H., Lindstrom, S.C., Hommersand, M.H. & Müller, K.M. 2008. The biogeographic origin of Arctic endemic seaweeds: a thermogeographic view. J. Phycol. 44: 1384–1394. 

77. Hommersand, M.H. & Freshwater, D.W., 2009. Gracilaria hummii sp. nov. (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), a new name for the agarophyte “Gracilaria confervoides” harvested in North Carolina during World War II. J. Phycol. 45: 503-516.

78. Rodriguez-Prieto, C. & Hommersand, M.H. 2009. Behaviour of the nuclei in pre- and postfertilization stages in Kallymenia (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 138-155.

79. Lin, S.-M, Hommersand, M.H., Fredericq, S., & De Clerck, O. 2009. Characterization of Martensia (Delesseriaceae, Rhodopyta) based on a morphological and molecular study of the type species, M. eleagans, and M. natalensis sp. nov. from South Africa. J. Phycol. 45: 678-691.

80. Hommersand, M.H., Moe, R.L. Amsler, C.D. & Fredericq, S. 2009. Notes on the systematics and biogeographical relationships of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Rhodophyta with descriptions of four new genera and five new species. In Botanica Marina: Special Issue on Biology of Polar Benthic Algae Guest Editors: Christian Wiencke and Margaret N. Clayton. [In Press].


81. Hughey, J.R. & Hommersand M.H. 2009. A molecular study of Mazzaella (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) and morphological investigation of the splendens clade from Pacific North America. Phycologia [In Press].

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